Employment Resources by Sector

Public Sector

The US Government is composed of numerous agencies, departments, and operational units with diverse goals, responsibilities, and challenges. There are three levels of government within the United States: local (county and city/township), state, and federal.

General Government Job Boards

• GovLoop: Data.GovLoop.com is a repository of best practices information, including sample social media policies, examples of mobile websites and apps, and a comprehensive list of government associations. https://data.govloop.com/

• The Twitter service of GovLoop: https://twitter.com/GovGigs

• Gov’t Jobs: Aggregation of local, state, and federal level government jobs. http://www.govtjobs.com/

• Government Jobs: Local and state government jobs. https://secure.governmentjobs.com/index.cfm

• Public Affairs Council: Collection of public affairs, government relations, and public policy jobs. http://pac.org/jobs

• Public Service Careers: Public service careers spanning public, private and nonprofit sectors. http://publicservicecareers.org/

• GoGovernment: Resources on how to find and apply for government jobs. http://gogovernment.org/

• USAJobs: Official US government job website. https://www.usajobs.gov/

General Government Websites

• Federal Government Jobs: Opportunities in federal government and resource materials. http://www.federaljobs.net/

• Governing Magazine, the States and Localities: Online platform and monthly magazine covering policy and management for state and local government. http://www.governing.com/

• Office of Personnel Management, Salaries, and Wages: Information about the Federal government’s wage system. http://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/salaries-wages/

• Partnership for Public Service: Designed to help students learn about government work; useful links to agencies and job information. http://ourpublicservice.org/

• PS JOBS: Public sector job board. http://psjobs.com/

• USAjobs Pathways: Official student gateways to all government career information. https://www.usajobs.gov/StudentsAndGrads

Federal Government Resources

Agencies within the federal government vary in size and tend to be highly decentralized. There are three main roles within the federal government: a career civil servant (long-term employment), a political appointee (appointed by the President), or a Foreign Service officer.


• America Jobs: Federal government jobs and job search services. http://www.americajobs.com/

• FedJobs: Federal Research Service—sign up for a free monthly newsletter “FedJobs Career Chat.” http://www.fedjobs.com/

• GoGovernment: Resources and information about applying for jobs and working in the Federal government. http://gogovernment.org/index.php

• The Best Places to Work in the Federal Government: Annual ranking of government agencies by employee satisfaction, innovation and leadership. http://bestplacestowork.org/BPTW/index.php

• TheCapitol.Net: Resources and learning materials on a variety of governmental topics. http://www.thecapitol.net/

• USAjobs: Official government civil service job and agency information. https://www.usajobs.gov/

• USA.gov Index: Full listing of federal agencies, departments, and commissions. http://www.usa.gov/directory/federal/


• The Federal Reserve System Online: List of the 12 regional Federal Reserve banks and information on each. http://www.federalreserveonline.org/

• Office of Management and Budget: Internships, full-time jobs, and information about working in the OMB. https://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/recruitment_default

• US Department of State: Careers in the state department. http://www.careers.state.gov/


• Congressional Budget Office: Fellowships, internships, full-time jobs, FAQs, and other information about the CBO. http://www.cbo.gov/about/careers

• Employment in the House of Representatives: Positions with house members and committees, and other congressional organizations. http://www.house.gov/content/jobs/members_and_committees.php

Government Fellowships

• Presidential Management Fellows (PMF) Program: Executive program that places fellows in a range of government agencies. http://www.pmf.gov/

• White House Fellows Program: Yearlong fellowship with White House staff members and other government officials. https://www.whitehouse.gov/about/fellows

Government Internships

• Opportunities in Public Affairs: Jobs in public affairs across the public and nonprofit sectors. http://www.opajobs.com/

• Washington Center for Internships and Academic Affairs: Internships and seminars in Washington, DC. http://www.twc.edu/

• Workforce Recruitment Program for College Students with Disabilities (WRP): Government and private sector employment. http://www.dol.gov/odep/wrp/

• The Plum Book: Used to identify presidentially appointed positions within the Federal government. http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-PLUMBOOK-2012/content-detail.html

• Roll Call: Policy and political careers. http://www.rcjobs.com/home/index.cfm?site_id=11641

• USAjobs Pathways: Official student gateways to all government career information. https://www.usajobs.gov/StudentsAndGrads

• US Office of Personnel Management: Job seekers for the Federal Government. http://www.opm.gov/

State and Local Government Resources

Each level of local government consists of hundreds of publicly funded departments, agencies, and committees overseeing a variety of functions. In contrast to federal officials, state and local policymakers are tasked with addressing issues that have more specific applications.

• City of Chicago Jobs: Jobs in the various departments of the City of Chicago. http://www.cityofchicago.org/city/en/depts/dhr/provdrs/emp/svcs/city_of_chicago_jobopportunities.html

• Cook County Employment: Positions in Cook County government agencies. http://www.cookcountyil.gov/current-job-listings/

• Political Affiliations:

• Democratic: Democratic Party of Cook County. http://cookcountydems.com/volunteer

• Republican: Republican Party of Cook County. http://www.cookrepublicanparty.com/

• GovtJob.Net: Job opportunities in local governments across the country. http://www.govtjob.net/

• State of Illinois Jobs: Positions in the Illinois State government. http://work.illinois.gov/

Nonprofit Sector

Professionals in the nonprofit sector have diverse skills and backgrounds and the opportunity to work in a variety of settings. Many individuals who seek work in nonprofit organizations are very passionate about a particular cause, driven by an organizational mission, and strive to make meaningful contributions to society.

General Nonprofit Resources

• The Chronicle of Philanthropy: News, commentary, and data on nonprofits and philanthropy. https://philanthropy.com/

• NPO.net: Daily updates of Chicago-area nonprofits’ job postings. http://www.npo.net/

• Community Career Center: Online job database and gathering place for nonprofit employers and management personnel. http://www.nonprofitjobs.org/

• Social Venture Partners: Network of nonprofits. http://www.socialventurepartners.org/seattle/

• The National Center for Charitable Statistics: Statistics on nonprofit organizations. http://nccs.urban.org/

• The Yearbook of International Organizations (YIO) produced by the Union of International Associations (UIA) provides extensive coverage of nonprofit international organizations (government and nongovernment) and is accessible via the University of Chicago Library system. http://www.uia.org/yearbook

• The Better Business Bureau’s Philanthropic Advisory Service: Reports on major US charitable organizations. Reports include an overview of the organization, program information, financial data, ratings on compliance with CBBB Standards for Charitable Solicitation, and governance information. http://give.org/

General Nonprofit Job Boards

• Guidestar: Searchable directory of nonprofit organizations providing the following employer information: location address, contact information, number of employees and volunteers, revenue, and program areas. http://www.guidestar.org/

• Idealist: Nonprofit positions. http://www.idealist.org/

• InterAction NGO Job Board: Full time and volunteer positions at NGOs. https://ngojobboard.org/

• OpportunityKnocks.org: National online job board, HR resource, and career development destination focused on the nonprofit community. http://www.opportunityknocks.org/

• Philanthropy News Digest: Positions with philanthropic organizations and other nonprofits. http://philanthropynewsdigest.org/jobs

• The Chronicle of Higher Education Job Board: Faculty and staff positions in higher education. https://chroniclevitae.com/job_search/new

• Bridgespan Group: Job board for nonprofit positions. http://www.bridgespan.org/Nonprofit_Jobs.aspx

• Common Good Careers: Positions in the nonprofit sector and resources for looking for a nonprofit career. http://commongoodcareers.org/

• LA Nonprofit careers: Careers in philanthropy and the nonprofit sector located in Los Angeles county. http://www.lanonprofitcareers.com/index.php

University of Chicago Campus Resources

• University Community Service Center: https://ucsc.uchicago.edu/

• Chicago Studies: http://chicagostudies.uchicago.edu/

• The School of Social Service Administration (SSA): https://ssa.uchicago.edu/

Private Sector

The private sector also offers a wide range of public policy-oriented employment opportunities, many of which overlap with the fields and issues addressed in the public and nonprofit sectors. When researching the private sector, it is important to note if a company is publicly or privately held.

General Private Sector Resources

• CareerStop Salaries: Salary and Benefit information across professions. http://www.careeronestop.org/JobSearch/Interview/negotiate-your-salary.aspx?&frd=true

• CareerStop Education: Training and Education across professions. http://www.careeronestop.org/FindTraining/find-training.aspx?&frd=true

• Google Finance: News on companies and stock information. https://www.google.com/finance

• Wall Street Journal Company Research: Detailed research for 8,500 US-listed stocks and an overview for nearly 20,000 non-US stocks. http://www.wsj.com/public/page/companyresearch.html

• Glassdoor: Anonymously reported employee reviews and salaries. http://www.glassdoor.com/index.htm

General Private Sector Job Boards

• AmericasJobExchange: Large job bank with private sector jobs. http://www.americasjobexchange.com/

• USjobs: Job bank created by employer group. http://us.jobs/

• Monster.com: Large online job bank with a range of private sector jobs. http://swoop.monster.com/

• Indeed: Large job database. http://www.indeed.com/

University of Chicago Campus Resources

• Business and Economics Library (University of Chicago) Subject Guides have general private sector information including analysis/industry overviews, financial ratios, journal articles, statistics, and guides. http://guides.lib.uchicago.edu/busecon

Encyclopedia of Business Information Sources (available in Regenstein, Z7164.C81E93) is a useful listing of information sources on detailed subjects, industries, and business topics.

General Career Resources

Use these resources to gather general information when beginning your career search. Wherever you are in your career search keep the following criteria in mind:

• Current trends, developments and forecasted challenges

• Types of organizations represented within a sector/industry

• Compensation ranges from entry to senior level positions

Yahoo Finance and Guidestar: Review organizations’ financials.

Salary and Payscale: Pursue salary information.

• Read press releases in major national and international newspapers including The Economist, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, and Asian Wall Street Journal.

Myvisajobs: Visa policies of organizations.

• Bureau of Labor Statistics:

Industry: Comprehensive site including profiles of the nine major industry divisions. Each profile contains industry facts and employment, hours, earnings, and a wealth of other data. http://www.bls.gov/bls/industry.htm

The Occupational Outlook Handbook: Provides information on careers from an occupational perspective along with industry nature, working conditions, employment, occupations in the industry, training and advancement, earnings and benefits, employment outlook, and lists of organizations that can provide additional information. http://www.bls.gov/ooh/

General Job Boards

• Indeed: One of the largest internet job boards. http://www.indeed.com/

• LinkedIn: Social networking site with a job search function. https://www.linkedin.com/

• Idealist: Job board focused on nonprofit and NGO jobs. http://www.idealist.org/

• Tom Mantos Jobs: Congressional job list. http://www.tommanatosjobs.com/

• Democratic GAIN: Progressive politics job board site. https://www.democraticgain.org/networking/opening_search.asp

• Policy Almanac: Aggregation of public policy job boards. http://www.policyalmanac.org/directory/General-Jobs.shtml